Step by step Procedure - Done properly in no time.
Dec 5, 2000
Take it easy and you'll be done and going in no time:
Here are some common instructions and safety precautions regularly found in all automobile handbooks and car safety manuals. You can find these types of instructions everywhere! I bring it to you here to better aid you, the person that needs this info. Hope this helps.
1. Put the car in park on a level area, and apply the parking brake. On the road, pull off as far as you safely can to avoid traffic.
2. Turn the engine off and put on the flashers. You may want to open the hood to indicate to other drivers that you are stopped for repairs.
3. Place a wheel chock (or any large rock, log, etc.) behind or in front of the opposing wheel to prevent the car from rolling, even on a slight incline.
4. Put the car in gear and set the parking brake for a manual-transmission car.
5. Get out the spare, a tire iron (lugnut wrench) and the car jack.
6. Remove the hubcap, if necessary.
7. Loosen the lugnuts before jacking up the car: Place one end of the tire iron over a lug nut. Turn the tire iron and loosen the lug nut. Remember: lefty-loosy, righty-tighty.
8. Use your pipe for leverage (see tips below) by attaching it to the end of the lugnut wrench.
9. Untighten the lug nuts in a star pattern, loosening one a few turns, then loosening the one opposite.
10. Work across the tire until all the lug nuts are loose and unscrewed slightly.
11. Jack the car up. Check your owner's manual for the correct and safe place to put the jack.
12. Jack the car up a little higher than is necessary to remove the old tire so there is room to put the new, full tire on.
13. Remove the lug nuts all the way and set them aside -- someplace where you won't lose them or they won't roll away! The flat tire should be hanging from the threaded studs now.
14. Remove the flat tire and set it aside.
15. Replace with the new tire, lifting it onto the wheel studs. If confused about which way is the right way to put the new tire on, check for the valve where you add air - it always faces out.
16. Replace the lug nuts. Tighten them the same way you loosened them - give each nut a few turns, first one, then the one opposite, working around the wheel in a star pattern. Try not to tighten adjacent nuts consecutively.
17. Slowly lower the jack and remove it.
18. Tighten the lugnuts again before driving away. Tighten them as much as you can.
19. Put the hubcap back on, if the wheel's equipped with one.
Some things that can help you:
The best thing to have with your tire changing equipment is a strong, hollow pipe, about two feet long, to use for leverage.
If a lug nut sticks, squirt penetrating oil around its base and wait a moment, then try again. Repeat as needed.
Mind your hands when you remove a flat tire. Strands of steel may be sticking out of the back of the rubber (on a bald tire) and can cut you.
Check out all your tire changing equipment at home before you need it on the road!
Most people's spare tires are flat! Check the tire pressure once a month. Temporary spares (the small ones that have a "T" on them, require 60 PSI, regular sized spares need 32 PSI). A flat spare is useless.
Cars can slip off jacks. Be extremely careful. Never get under a car with only a tire changing jack holding it up.
To avoid bruised knuckles, pull rather than push when removing lugnuts.
To avoid a strained back, use your knees when pulling on the wrench and pipe rather than your back.