It is a strange experience to read a biography of someone one has known, especially a biography that was written by someone who only knew the biographical subject posthumously. In AIDS Activist, Ann Silversides is mostly writing about University of Toronto professor of English Michael Lynch (1945-1991) after I'd left Toronto and had only very occasional communication with him. She had access to his very intimate diaries and interviewed many people who knew him better than I did. I don't question that she came to know Michael, particularly the AIDS activist aspect she foregrounds, far better than I ever did. For one thing, through his archived papers, Silversides had access to his self-doubts, something I never saw. I wouldn't have characterized Michael Lynch as arrogant, but in the context of the Toronto Gay Academic Union of which he and I were founding members, he appeared very self-confident about whatever he was backing or pronouncing on.
His research is so slighted by Silversides that the reader does not even learn what was the subject of his dissertation or who his mentors and dissertation supervisor(s) were. There are recurrent mentions of a book he wanted to write on homosexuality in 19th-century America that was to be followed by a biography of Walt Whitman. Neither book got written, although an interesting if not particularly groundbreaking article on "adhesiveness" was published in Victorian Studies. At a GAU meeting I attended, he presented an fascinating talk (later published in The Body Politic on the then-obscure early-20th-century painter Marsden Hartley that was also very interesting but was soon eclipsed by others' work on Hartley.
I don't know how Michael got tenure so quickly at a major research university without having published a book, particularly since his initial appointment was at the Catholic college (St. Michael's) within the University of Toronto, and his becoming publicly gay was unacceptable there (he moved from St. Michael's to the English department at one of the satellite campuses, Erindale). Disappointingly, I learned nothing about his sponsorship and early promotion from Silversides's book. I assume his glibness and self-confidence served him well as a teacher of undergraduates. If he supervised graduate students, Silversides missed them. (The one person she identifies as his student whom I knew was a graduate student in English, but not a student of Michael's.)
She records recurrent statements about wanting to be remembered for the book he planned to write, but she also shows his inability to focus on what he saw as his " life work." It may seem churlish to focus on the lack of production of someone who was cut down before his 46th birthday by HIV and who had been very ill before that. However, I am not prescribing what his ambition should have been, but noting what it was: "He desperately wanted to complete and be remembered for a book" (p. 84).
Moreover, it is not that his activism took all his time. He tended to help get organizations (including GAU in my time in Toronto, and major Toronto AIDS organizations after I left) started and then withdraw. His professional productivity does not seem to have increased markedly in the periods between stints of activism. He also found time to edit the Gay Studies Newsletter of the Modern Language Associations gay/lesbian caucus from 1980 to 1991, something he did well, but something that many others could also have done if he had really tried to focus on his own research or poetizing. (A slender book of AIDS poems, These Waves of Dying Friends was published in 1989. His papers include fragments of an intended novel, an uncompleted manuscript on Wallace Stevens, etc.)
I think that Michael was a good journalist, drawing on his own experiences first as a gay father and then as a person with AIDS. He was also adept at getting difficult, large-egoed persons to get along (at least from Silversides's portrait; when I knew him, he was not so smooth an operator). These guises are central to Silversides's book. Her original and primary interest is in the history of AIDS organizing in Toronto. Her biographical approach to this topic probably overestimates Michael's formative role, though I don't doubt that he had one. As a history of the organizations, the biographical focus is a liability after the foundational period of his primary involvement.
With the intensive cooperation of Lynch's son, Stefan, the paternity role is amply covered in the book, along with some of the succession of sexual partners, though the evolution of his relationship to the charming and productive microbiologist Bill Lewis that was the most sustained one other than his marriage, is inadequately chronicled (or at least remains mysterious). As a biography, the formative influences (intellectual and sexual)on Michael are slighted, as is his pre-AIDS gay activism. Although there is much interesting biographical material (some of it prurient) and much interesting documentation and recollection of Toronto AIDS organizing during the 1980s, the book leaves out too much to be either a satisfactory biography or a satisfactory history.
©2010, Stephen O. Murray
This is a contribution to elvisdo's 2010 Canadiana Write Off.
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